eid 2018: What is Eid al-Fitr? When is Eid - is it today?




THE Islamic month of Ramadan is coming to a close as Muslims prepare to mark the end of the holy month with the festival known as Eid al-Fitr. But what is the celebration about and when will Eid al-Fitr fall?



What is Eid al-Fitr?

Eid al-Fitr is the religious holiday which marks the end of Ramadan and a month of fasting for Muslims.
The holiday celebrates the conclusion of the 29 or 30 days of dawn-to-sunset fasting during the entire month of Ramadan.
Eid Mubarak is a greeting and phrase used by Muslims during Eid and means ‘blessed Eid'.
Eid al-Fitr is held at the start of the following month, which is called Shawwall and translates to mean the ‘festival of breaking the fast'.
In Muslim countries, it is common for the capitals to decorate their cities with lights and commemorate the end of the holy month.
Children are dressed in new clothes and offered gifts and money to celebrate the occasion.
Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam - known as Sawm.
The five pillars are the five obligations every Muslim must satisfy in order to live a good and responsible life according to Islam.

Eid 2018:Getty
Eid 2018: Eid al-Fitr marks the end of the holy month of Ramadan

When is Eid?

As the calendar is based on the lunar cycle, Eid changes every year and is decided when there is a sighting of a new moon.
The Islamic calendar is different to the widely-used Gregorian calendar, which is determined by the sun.
Islamic dates move back by 11 days each year, so Eid day is not known until shortly before the actual date.
Scholars look for the first crescent of the new moon before sunset on the 29th day of every month -  if it is seen, the month ends, but if it is not sighted, the month goes on one more day.
Al Jazeera reported the International Astronomical Centre in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates expects Eid to be on Friday “in most Isalmic countries including Saudi Arabia, Algeria, Libya, Egypt, Kuwait and Qatar."
Eid 2018:Getty
Eid 2018: A Palestinian girl makes doughnuts to celebrate Eid
The Shawwal-moon sighting committee in the UAE has announced Friday, June 15 will be first day of Shawwal and the first day of Eid al-Fitr.
The announcement came in a statement after the committee held a meeting on Thursday evening after Maghreb prayer.
Therefore most Muslims will observe Eid al-Fitr on Friday as the moon has officially been sighted in Saudi Arabia.
However in Iran, Muslims was until the government announcement on when Eid starts.
Official Eid announcements are usually made within two hours of sunset because the new moon rises and sets with the sun (or within an hour).
Eid 2018:Getty
Eid 2018: The date of Eid changes every year and is based on the lunar cycle

What is Eid al-Adha?

Eid al-Adha is on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah, the 12th and final month in the Islamic calendar.
It is at this time in the Islamic calendar that Muslims from around the world travel to Mecca - the holy city - for pilgrimage.
Muslims should carry out the pilgrimage at least once in their lifetime if it is possible.
Eid al-Adha is expected to take place on Tuesday, August 21, however it is not confirmed until the sighting of the moon.

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